ABA Applied Behavior Analysis process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the improvement in behavior.
ABC Association for Bright Children An all-volunteer, provincially incorporated support and advocacy group, with many chapters across Ontario.
ABI Adaptive Behavior Inventory The ABI evaluates the functional daily living skills of school-age children (ages 6-0 to 18-11) and helps identify students believed to be intellectually disabled or emotionally disturbed.
ABLE Adult Basic Literacy Education is community based programming that promotes learner success and contributes to a strong Northwest Territories.
ABLLS Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills- Revised is an assessment tool, curriculum guide, and skills-tracking system used to help guide the instruction of language and critical learner skills for children with autism or other developmental disabilities.
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act US Federal Law governing the rights of persons with disabilities with regard to employment and other issues
AC Accomodated Only is the term used on the IEP form to identify subjects or courses from the Ontario curriculum in which the student requires accommodations alone in order to work towards achieving the regular grade expectations.
ACC Assistive Augmentative Communication A speech languauge therapists term for communication using a picture board or recorded messages activated by buttons and others
AD Attachement Disorder is a broad term intended to describe disorders of mood, behavior, and social relationships arising from a failure to form normal attachments toprimary care giving figures in early childhood.
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder a disorder, particularly of children, characterized by excessive activity and inability to concentrate on one task for any length oftime.
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a problem of not being able to focus, being overactive, not being able control behavior, or a combination of these. For these problems to be diagnosed as ADHD, they must be out of the normal range for a person's age and development.
ADI Autism Diagnostic Interview is a structuredinterview conducted with the parents of individuals who have been referred for the evaluation of possible autism or autism spectrum disorders.
ADOS Autism Diagnostic Observational Sacle is an instrument for diagnosing and assessing autism. It became commercially available in 2001 through WPS, or Western Psychological Services.
ADP Assistive Devices Program (MOHLTC) is to provide consumer centered support and funding to Ontario residents who have long-term physical disabilities and to provide access to personalized assistive devices appropriate for the individual’s basic needs.
AGRE Autism Genetic Resource Exchange is a DNA biobank funded by Autism Speaks. It exists to provide DNA specimens to geneticists who are researching autism.
AIA Network Autism, Intolerance and Allergy Network is an organization
AIT Auditory Integration Training is a procedure pioneered in France by Guy Bérard, who promoted it as a cure for clinical depression and suicidal tendencies, along with what he said were very positive results for dyslexia and autism,
ANDI Autism Network for Dietary Intervention provides information and support to parents around the world in dietary intervention
APD Auditory Processing Disorder is an umbrella term for a variety of disorders that affect the way the brain processes auditory information
APE Adaptive Physical Education is the art and science of developing, implementing, and monitoring a carefully designed physical education instructional program for a learner with a disability, based on a comprehensive assessment, to give the learner the skills necessary for a lifetime of rich leisure, recreation, and sport experiences to enhance physical fitness and wellness.
ARI Autism Research Instititute is primarily devoted to conducting research, and to disseminating the results ofresearch, on the causes of autism and on methods of preventing, diagnosing andtreating autism and other severe behavioral disorders of childhood.
ARRI Autism Research Review International ARI has published a quarterly newsletter, Autism Research Review International (ARRI), since 1987.
AS Asperger Syndrome an autism spectrum disorder that affects language and behavioral development in children.
ASA Autism Society of America The primary mission of ASAF is to raise and allocate funds to address the many unanswered questions about autism.
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder A complex developmental disability that affects communication, socialization and behavior. Autism is called a spectrum disorder because it is defined by a set of behaviors and affects individuals differently and by varying degrees. Those on the autism spectrum can have difficulty with language such as understanding language and expressing selves using language, forming and maintaining social relationships, and/or repetitive behaviors or narrow, restricted interests. ASD’s include Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, Rett Syndrome and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.
ASL American Sign Language a form of sign language developed in the US and used also in English-speaking parts of Canada.
ASLU Amerian Sign Language University is a sign language resource site for ASL students and teachers.
ASPEN Aspergers Syndrome Parent Education Network ASPEN provides families and individuals whose lives are affected by Autism Spectrum Disorders with support
ASPIE A person with Asperger's Syndrome People with Asperger’s syndrome have the following autistic symptoms – low capacity for communication and social interaction, restricted and repetitious stereotyped behaviors. The disabling symptoms of autism are found to be milder in people with Asperger’s. Some people with Asperger’s can be smarter than the average person. People with Asperger’s syndrome tend to have difficulty with understanding social conventions and reading social cues, so they may seem to be rude.
AUTCOM Autism National Committee Autism advocacy organization dedicated to 'Social Justice for All Citizens with Autism' through a shared vision and a commitment to positive approaches.Autism advocacy organization dedicated to 'Social Justice for All Citizens with Autism' through a shared vision and a commitment to positive approaches.
BBB Blood Brain Barrier is a highly selective permeability barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid (BECF) in the central nervous system (CNS)
BCBA Board Certified Behavioral Analyst is an attempt to provide some minimum standard for what constitutes being qualified to practice behavior analysis.
BIP Behaviour Intervention Plan behavioral supports is a plan that is based on the results of a functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and, at a minimum, includes a description of the problem behavior, global and specific hypotheses as to why the problem behavior occurs and intervention strategies.
BMP Behaviour Management Plan assist a broad range of students deemed by the school to require additional support and guidance.
BOCES Board of Cooperative Educational Services In 1948 the New York State legislature created Boards of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES) to provide shared educational programs and services to school districts within the state.
BP Bi-Polar ( fomerly called "manic-depressive) is a mental illnessthat brings severe high and low moods and changes in sleep, energy, thinking, and behavior.
BSC Behavioral Services Unit was one of the original instructional components of the FBI's Training Division at Quantico, Virginia.
BSU Base Service Unit  
CAN Cure Autism Now describes itself as an organization of parents, clinicians and leading scientists committed to accelerating the pace of biomedical research in autism through raising money for research projects, education and outreach.
CARD Community Association for Riding for the Disabled offers services for adults and children in Ontario.
CARS Childhood Autism Rating Scale is a behavior rating scale intended to help diagnose autism. CARS was developed by Eric Schopler, Robert J. Reichier, andBarbara Rochen Renner.
CAT or CT Scan Computer Axial Tomography a scan using an xray machine linked to a computer that produces a scan in cross sections using iodine (BEWARE if you are allergice to shellfish)
CBH Community Behavioral Health specializes in providing outpatient behavioral health services to children and adolescents in the school, home, and community settings.
CCBH Communty Care Behavioral Health a non-profit managed care organization, works with Providers to deliver innovative, accessible behavioral health services to Members.a non-profit managed care organization, works with Providers to deliver innovative, accessible behavioral health services to Members.
CDC Center for Disease Control is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
CF Cassein Free removing dairy from the diet
CFS Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a complicated disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that can't be explained by any underlying medical condition.
CFIDS Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome is a complex medical condition, characterized by long term fatigue and other symptoms.
CH.A.D.D. Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Dioroder Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Dioroder
DAN Defeat Autism Now Please proceed with caution
DD Developmental Disabilities Term used to refer to all developmental disabilities including autism
DDS Department of Developmental Services CT state agency
DMG Dimethylglycine Amino acid used in autism treatment
DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Book listing the criteria for autism diagnosis.
DSS Department of Social Services CT state agency
DTI Discrete Trial Intervention A method of teaching based on behavioral techniques breaking content into small chunks and teaching individual tasks through trials.
DTT Discrete Trial Training A method of teaching based on behavioral techniques breaking content into small chunks and teaching individual tasks through trials.
DVD Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia See Developmental Apraxia or Speech (DAS)
EAHCA Education for ALL Handicapped Children Act The original name of IDEA
EEG Electroenacephalogram Test used to detect seizures
EFA Essential Fatty Acids The body for use makes some fatty acids, but some may not be able to be produced by the body and we must obtain them from an external source. These fatty acids that we cannot produce and must get from food are known as essential fatty acids.
ELAP Early Learning Accomplishments Profile Evaluation Checklist
ESY Extended School Year In the United states, an extended school year service was created to help students with disabilities. The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was created for this purpose.
FAPE Free and Appropriate Public Edcuation The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) states that every child who has a disability and needs special education and related services will receive a free and appropriate public education (FAPE). Only for children in the USA.
FC Faciliated Communication Facilitators assist nonspeaking children with autism, schizophrenia, mental retardation, and other disorders by training them in the use of augmentative communication aids to help them overcome physical and emotional problems in using their aid. The facilitator guides the child’s shoulder, wrist, and hand to the letters on a computer keyboard or other nonelectronic system.
FEAT Familes for Early Autism Treatment Autism advocacy organization dedicated to applied behavioral analysis and techniques as intervention for autism
GARS Gilliam Autism Rating Scale Autism rating scale/checklist for diagnosis
GF Gluten Free Food that are sold containing no Gluten. Gluten free foods are for people with celiac disease. People with celiac diseases their small intestines are hypersensitive to gluten, leading to difficult in digesting food.
HFA High Functioning Autism Descriptive term for someone with autism who usually has language skills and interact IQ
ID Intellectually Disabled The more appropriate term for someone with an IQ of less than 70
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act The federal law that governs special education.
IEP Individualized Education Plan The plan this is developed by the team (IEP team and PPT team) that describes the educational programming for a child with a disability
IFSP Individualized Family Service Plan The plan put together in the Birth-3 system for services to be provided to a child under the age of 3 with a disability
INSAR International Society For Autism Research provides scientific collaboration, mentorship, and education to better the lives of the individuals and families living with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
LCSW Licensed Clinical Social Worker a health-care professional that provides counseling and psychosocial services.
LD Learning Disability or Learning Disabled Learning disability is a medical term that labels those that consistently test below a certain IG level (usually 70) and who show functional impairment as a consequence of low IQ.
LKS Landau-Kieffner Syndrome A specific neurological disorder
LRE Least Restrictive Environment Under the law ( IDEA), children must be educated in the LRE for that child
M-CHAT Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Autism screening tool
MR Mentally Retarded Usually refers toa person with an IQ under 70. More appropriately referred to as ID - Intellectually Disabled
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging a noninvasive clinical test that help physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. It uses powerful magnetic fields, radio frequency pulses and a computer to view the organs and the bodies structures in detail.
MSDD Multisystem Developmental Disorder Dr. Stanley Greenspan's term for autism-like symptoms.
NAS National Autism Society This is a charity that provides support for people with autism and Asperger syndrome and their families.
NICHCY National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities An information and referral center, providing free information about disabilities and issues related to them.
NIH National Institute of Health This is the US’s medical research agency. They look for fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and they attempt to apply such knowledge to enhance health, lengthen life, and reduce illness and disability.
NIMH National Institute for Mental Health The US’s leading institute that research mental disorders, supporting research to transform the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses, paving the way for prevention, recovery, and cure.
NOS Not Otherwise Specified Part of PDD-NOS an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis
NT Neuro-Typical Used to describe a person who does not have autism spectrum disorder
OCD Obessive Compulsive Disorder An anxiety disorder in where a person experiences unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/ or actions (compulsions).
OCR Office for Civil Rights US Government agency, part of Health and Human Services, that deals with discrimination and civil rights
ODD Oppositional Defiant Disorder A behavioural disorder characterized by a constant defiant. And hostile behaviour towards authority figures. The person may appear to be short tempered and argue a lot, and or other negative behaviours.
OT Occupational Therapy is the art and science of enabling engagement in everyday living, through occupation; of enabling people to perform the occupations that foster health and well-being; and of enabling a just and inclusive society so that all people may participate to their potential in the daily occupations of life
OT Occupational Therapists are highly trained health-care professionals. All entry-level university education programs for occupational therapists in Canada currently grant a Master’s level credential
PANDAS Pediatric Autoimmune Disorders Associated with Strep occurs when strep triggers a misdirected immune response results in inflammation on a child’s brain.
PDD Pervasive Developmental Disorder An umbrella term- autism disorders are part of the larger category fo pervasive developmental disorders
PDD-NOS Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified This is the diagnosis applied to children or adults who are on the autism spectrum but do not fully meet the criteria for another Autism spectrum Disorder (ASD) such as autistic disorder. People with PDD-NOS exhibit challenges in social and language development.
PECS Picture Exchange Communication System A method used for communication using pictures and symbols.
PEP Psycho-educational profile Evaluating children, between the ages of 6 months to 7 years, with autism and communicative disabilities based on their skills and behaviors. This test is used as an assessment tool to aid in the educational programming for young children (ages 3-5 years old) with disabilities and is particularly useful in planning for older students' Individualized Education Programs (IEPs).
PPT Planning and Placement Team The CT term for IEP team
PRT Pivotal Response Training This is a method of behavioural training for children with autism. It helps impart different skills in the child, such as – communication skills, language skills, a positive social behaviour, and relief from disruptive self-stimulatory behaviours.
PT Physical Therapy /Therapist Highly trained licensed health-care professionals that help patients reduce pain and improve or restore mobility.
SI Sensory Integration The way the brain processes sensory information, such as hearing, looking, touching, and more.
SIB Self Injurious Behvaior The most common forms of these behaviors include: head-banging, hand-biting, and excessive self-rubbing and scratching.
SID Sensory Integration Disorder is a condition in which the brain has trouble receiving and responding to information that comes in through the senses.
SLP Speech Language Pathologist A person trained to diagnose and treat speech and language disorders.
SSI Social Security Income The monetary benefitsreceived by retired workers who have paid in to the Social Securitysystem during their working years.The monetary benefitsreceived by retired workers who have paid in to the Social Securitysystem during their working years.
SSRI Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants.
STIM Self-Stimulating Behaviors Example of stimming may include rocking, flapping of hands, or humming. For a person with autism, a stim may serve as a regulatory function to calm down, increase concentration, or shut out an overwhelming sound
TEACCH Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children is a clinical, training, and research program based at the University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill.
TS Tourette's Syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics.